Toxins
 A & L  Canada  Laboratories Inc.
Biology/ Microbolgy
Toxins Toxins   in   feed   can   have   a   negative   effect   on   all   species   of   animals.   The   most   notable   signs   of   toxins   in   feed are   feed   refusal   and   reproductive   issues.   Here   is   a   list   of   the   toxins   we   provide   with   some   additional information: o Deoxynivalenol (DON) or Vomitoxin - Most commonly produced by fusarium graminearum mold. - Called Vomitoxin because it can commonly be associated with vomiting in swine. - Can reduce milk production in dairy cattle. - Cautionary Levels (in final ration): Swine < 1 ppm, Beef Cattle & Chickens < 5            ppm, All other animals < 2 ppm. o Zearalenone - Most commonly produced by fusarium graminearum mold. - Causes reproductive problems in livestock. - Cautionary Levels (in final ration): Swine < 0.5 ppm, Dairy Cattle < 0.5 ppm o T-2 - Is also a fusarium mold - Can cause digestive problems and suppress the immune system. - Cautionary Levels (in final ration): Swine < 1 ppm, Dairy Cattle < 100 ppb. o Aflatoxin - Produced by Aspergillus flavus  and A. parasiticus . - Can cause immune suppression, interference with reproduction. - Can be transferred to the milk in dairy cattle. - Cautionary Levels (in final ration): Swine & Poultry < 100 ppb, Dairy Cattle <           20ppb,   Beef Cattle < 300 ppb                                                                                                                                                             Submission Form Link/Info: View and/or print the submission form for this test package (PDF file). Or Contact Us  
2136 Jetstream Rd, London, Ontario,  Canada  N5V 3P5  Tel: (519) 457-2575                Toll Free:1-(855)-837-8347    Fax: (519) 457-2664          alcanadalabs@alcanada.com
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